HEALTH CONDITION IN PERSONS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI
Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation,
Faculty of Philosophy, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius,
1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
E-mail: vladotra@fzf.ukim.edu.mk
Received: 20-October-2018
Revised: 23-December-2018
Accepted: 25-December-2018
Online first 29-December-2018

Abstract

Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are behaviourally defined syndromes where the etiology and pathophysiology are not very well understood. If the child has been diagnosed with autism, parents already face special behavioural challenges. What makes ASD even more difficult, are the many other medical health issues that often arise in this population.
The purpose of this article is to summarise the latest understanding of autism’s commonly associated physical and mental health conditions.

Methods: An analysis of relevant literature, sources from the internet and published literature, personal experience and observations of the author.

Recent findings: Autism is a disorder of the whole body. It is often in co-morbidity with: epilepsy, gastrointestinal disorders, neuro-inflammation and immunological disorders, asthma, eczema, sleep disturbances, eating and feeding disorders, food allergies, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), headaches, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Fragile X syndrome, intellectual disability, nonverbal learning disorder, motor clumsiness, Tourette syndrome, sensory problems, tuberous sclerosis, oxidative stress, acquired mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic abnormalities. Many of the issues outlined here can overlap each other.

Conclusions:Improved understanding of the underlying pathology of ASD and associated conditions, and the development of a common purpose across multiple treating sites, can improve the consistent and coordinated healthcare of children with autism. There is need for the development of improved strategies for delivering effective health education and healthcare to this large population. Improving the ability of these persons to lead relatively independent lives has a great economic impact.

Key words: autism spectrum disorders, health, condition, medical disorders

Citation: Trajkovski, V. Health Condition in Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities. https://doi.org/10.26407/2018jrtdd.1.12

Copyright ©2018 Trajkovski, V. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Corresponding address:
Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI
Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation,
Faculty of Philosophy, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius,
Blvd. Goce Delchev 9A, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
E-mail: vladotra@fzf.ukim.edu.mk

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THE RELATION BETWEEN A DEVELOPMENTAL AND SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL SCREENING TEST USED IN PUBLIC CHILD DAYCARE CENTERS IN BRAZIL

Chieh-Yu CHEN1,
Luis ANUNCIAÇÃO2,
Jane SQUIRES3,
Alberto FILGUEIRAS4,
Jesus LANDEIRA-FERNANDEZ5

1National Taipei University of Education, Taiwan
2Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3University of Oregon, United States
4Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil
5Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, BrazilNational Taipei University of Education,
No.134, Sec. 2, Heping E. Rd., Da-an District,
Taipei City 106, Taiwan.
E-mail: twohu2001@gmail.com
Received: 30-October-2018
Revised: 21-November-2018
Accepted: 27- November-2018
Online first: 28- November-2018

Abstract

Background: Two developmental screening instruments for infants and young children, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires-Third Edition (ASQ-3) and the Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional (ASQ:SE), are widely used in the US and internationally. Both tools are sometimes used concurrently but the relation between children’s scores on the two tools is seldom investigated.

Methods: The Brazilian versions of ASQ-3 and ASQ:SE, known as the ASQ-BR and ASQ:SE-BR, were used for assessing 13,470 children ages one to four in public child daycare centres in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Four groups were defined according to children’s ages as one, two, three, and four year-olds. Correlation and multiple regression were employed to explore the relation between children’s scores on the ASQ-BR and the ASQ:SE-BR.

Results: Results indicated that the domain scores of ASQ-BR, including communication (r = -0.38 to -0.44), gross motor (r = -0.19 to -0.32), fine motor (r = -0.33 to -0.45), problem solving (r = -0.36 to -0.42), and personal-social (r = -0.38 to -0.51) were significantly correlated with ASQ:SE-BR scores. Regression analyses suggested that the communication and personal-social domains were significant predictors of social-emotional scores in most of the age groups.

Conclusion: General developmental assessment is suggested to be conducted with social-emotional screening. If the workload is heavy for administers to use both screeners concurrently, social-emotional screening is recommended for children who fail communication or personal-social domains on developmental screening tests.

Key words: development, developmental screening, social-emotional competence

Citation: Chen, CY., Anunciação, L., Squires, J., Filgueiras, A., Landeira-Fernandez, J. The relation between a developmental and social-emotional screening test used in public child daycare centers in Brazil. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities. https://doi.org/10.26407/2018jrtdd.1.11

Copyright ©2018 Chen, CY., Anunciação, L., Squires, J., Filgueiras, A., Landeira-Fernandez, J. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Corresponding address:
Chieh-Yu CHEN
National Taipei University of Education,
No.134, Sec. 2, Heping E. Rd., Da-an District,
Taipei City 106, Taiwan.
E-mail: twohu2001@gmail.com

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